Accounting policies applied
Accounting policies applied
Applies to the annual report and quarterly reports.
The Annual Report for ROCKWOOL International A/S has been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted by the EU and Danish disclosure requirements for listed companies. Danish disclosure requirements for listed companies are those laid down by the statutory order on the adoption of IFRS issued pursuant to the Danish Financial Statements Act and the reporting requirements of NASDAQ Copenhagen for listed companies.
The fiscal year for the Group is 1 January – 31 December 2015.
The accounting policies are unchanged compared to last year. Some comparable figures have been adjusted, primarily in other operating revenue and segments.
New and changed standards and interpretations
The following EU adopted IFRS standards and interpretations with relevance for the Group were implemented with effect from 1 January 2015:
- Annual improvements to IFRSs (2010-2012)
- Annual improvements to IFRSs (2011-2013)
- Amendments to IAS 19: Defined Benefit Plans: Employee contributions
The changed standards and interpretations have not impacted the recognition and measurement and have only led to additional information.
New and changed standards and interpretations not yet entered in to force
EU adopted standards and amendments issued by IASB with effective date after 31 December 2015 and therefore not implemented, comprise:
- Annual improvements to IFRSs (2012-2014)
- Amendments to IAS 16 and IAS 41: Bearer Plants
- Amendments to IAS 16 and IAS 38: Revenue based depreciation
- Amendments to IFRS 11: Accounting for Acquisitions of Interests in Joint Operations
- Amendment to IAS 1: Improved disclosures
- Amendment to IAS 27: Equity method allowed in parent company
Implementation of these will lead to further specifications in the Notes and reclassifications but no material changes in recognition and measurement.
In addition IASB has issued IFRS 9 ‘Financial Instruments’, with effective date January 1, 2018. It currently awaits EU endorsement. IFRS 9 is part of the IASB’s project to replace IAS 39, and the new standard will substantially change the classification and measurement of financial instruments and hedging requirements. ROCKWOOL will perform a preliminary assessment of the impact of the standard on the consolidated financial statements.
IASB has issued IFRS 15 ‘Revenue from contracts with customers’, with effective date January 1, 2018. It currently awaits EU endorsement. IFRS 15 is part of the convergence project with FASB to replace IAS 18. The new standard will establish a single, comprehensive framework for revenue recognition. ROCKWOOL has completed a preliminary assessment of the impact of the standard and judged that it will not have any significant impact on the consolidated financial statements.
IASB has issued IFRS 16 “Leasing”, with effective date January 1, 2019. It currently awaits EU endorsement. All leases must be recognized in the balance sheet with a corresponding lease liability, except for short-term assets and minor assets. Leased assets are amortised over the lease term, and payments are allocated between instalments on the lease obligation and interest expense, classified as financial items.
ROCKWOOL has preliminarily assessed the impact of IFRS 16 on the balance sheet. Recognition of leases will affect a number
of financial ratios such as EBITDA margin, return on equity and solvency ratio. The change will have a minor impact on net profit as IFRS 16 requires the lease payments to be split between a depreciation charge included in operating costs and an interest expense on lease liabilities included in finance costs.
The consolidated financial statements comprise ROCKWOOL International A/S and the enterprises in which this company and its subsidiaries hold the majority of the voting rights.
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared as a consolidation of the parent company’s and the individual subsidiaries’ financial statements, determined according to the Group’s accounting policies, and with elimination of dividends, internal revenue and expenditure items, internal profits as well as intercompany balances and intercompany shareholdings.
Besides shares, capital investments in subsidiaries include long-term loans to subsidiaries if such loans constitute an addition to the shareholding.
Newly acquired or newly established enterprises are recognised in the consolidated financial statements at the time such enterprises are taken over. Divested or terminated enterprises are recognised in the consolidated income statement until the time of disposal. No adjustments are made to the comparative figures for newly acquired or divested enterprises.
On acquisitions of new enterprises the acquisition method is used. The newly acquired enterprises’ identifiable assets and liabilities are recognised in the balance sheet at fair values at the date of acquisition. Identifiable intangible assets are recognised if they are separable or arise from a contractual right, and the fair value can be reliably measured. Deferred tax on revaluations is recognised.
The acquisition date is the date when the ROCKWOOL Group effectively obtains control of the acquired subsidiary, enters the management of the joint venture or obtains significant influence over the associate. Acquisition costs are included in operating costs.
Minority interests are recognised as a relative share of the acquired enterprises identifiable assets and liabilities.
Any outstanding positive difference between the cost of the enterprise and the Group’s share of the fair value of the identifiable assets and liabilities is goodwill and is recognised in the balance sheet. Goodwill is not amortised but is tested annually for impairment. The first impairment test is performed before the end of the acquisition year. Goodwill is allocated to the cash-generating units upon acquisition, which subsequently form the basis for the impairment test.
In case of any uncertainties regarding measurement of acquired identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities at the acquisition date, initial recognition will take place on the basis of preliminary fair values. In case identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities subsequently are determined to have a different fair value at the acquisition date than that first assumed, goodwill is adjusted up until 12 months after the acquisition. The effect of the adjustments is recognised in the opening balance of equity and comparative figures are restated accordingly.
Non-controlling interests are recognised at the minority’s share of the net assets.
On acquisition of non-controlling interests acquired net assets are not re-measured at fair value. The difference between the costs and the non-controlling interests’ share of the total carrying amount including goodwill is transferred from the minority interests’ share of the equity to the equity belonging to the shareholders of ROCKWOOL International A/S.
Translation of foreign currency
The Annual Report has been presented in Euro (EUR) which is the Group’s presentation currency. The functional currency for the parent company is DKK. Each company in the Group determines its own functional currency.
Transactions in foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate at the transaction date or a hedged rate. Monetary items in foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the balance sheet date. Accounts of foreign subsidiaries are translated using the exchange rates at the balance sheet date for balance sheet items, and average exchange rates for items of the income statement.
All exchange rate adjustments are recognised in the income statement under financial items, apart from the exchange rate differences arising on:
- conversion of equity in subsidiaries at the beginning of the financial year using the exchange rates at the balance sheet date
- conversion of the profit for the year from average exchange rates to exchange rates at the balance sheet date
- conversion of long-term intercompany balances that constitute an addition to the holding of shares in subsidiaries
- conversion of the forward hedging of capital investments in subsidiaries
- conversion of capital investments in associated and other companies
- profit and loss on effective derivative financial instruments used to hedge expected future transactions.
These value adjustments are recognised directly under other comprehensive income.
Derivative financial instruments
Derivative financial instruments are initially recognised in the balance sheet at cost price and are subsequently measured at fair value. Derivative financial instruments are recognised in other receivables and other debt.
Changes to the fair value of derivative financial instruments, which meet the conditions for hedging the fair value of a recognised asset or liability, are recognised in the income statement together with any changes in the fair value of the hedged asset or liability.
Changes to the fair value of derivative financial instruments, which meet the conditions for hedging future cash flow, are recognised in other comprehensive income provided the hedge has been effective. The accumulated value adjustment related to these hedge transactions is transferred from other comprehensive income when the position is realised, and is included in the value of the hedged position e.g. the adjustment follows the cash flow.
For derivative financial instruments, which do not qualify as hedging instruments, changes to the fair value are recognised on an ongoing basis in the income statement as financial income or financial expenses.
Net sales are recognised in the income statement provided that delivery and risk transition has taken place before year-end. Net sales are calculated excluding VAT, duties and sales discounts. Royalty and licence fees are recognised when earned according to the terms of the agreements.
Investment grants are recognised as income in step with the depreciation against the equivalent tangible assets. Investment grants not yet recognised as income are set off against the assets to which the grant is related.
Research and development activities
The costs of research activities are carried as expenditure in the year in which they are incurred. The costs of development projects which are clearly defined and identifiable, and of which the potential technical and commercial exploitation is demonstrated, are capitalised to the extent that they are expected to generate future revenue. Other development costs are recognised on an ongoing basis in the income statement under operating costs.
Financial income and expenses include interest, financial expenditure on finance lease, fair value adjustments and realised and unrealised foreign exchange gains and losses.
Dividends on capital investments in subsidiaries and associated enterprises are recognised as income in the parent company’s income statement in the financial year in which the dividends are declared.
The parent company is taxed jointly with all Danish subsidiaries. Income subject to joint taxation is fully distributed.Tax on the profit for the year, which includes current tax on the profit for the year as well as changes to deferred tax, is recognised in the income statement. Tax on changes in other comprehensive income is recognised directly under equity.
Intangible assets, apart from goodwill, are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation and write-downs. Amortisation of the following intangible assets is made on a straight-line basis over the expected future lifetime of the assets, which is:
|Development projects||2-10 years|
|Patents||up to 20 years|
|Trademarks||up to 20 years|
|Customer relationships||10-15 years|
Goodwill arisen from acquisition of enterprises and activities are stated at cost. The carrying amount of goodwill is allocated to the Group’s cash-generating units at the acquisition date. Identification of cash-generating units is based on the management structure and internal financial control.
Acquired CO2 rights are capitalised under intangible assets.
Granted CO2 rights are not capitalised.
Tangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses.
The cost of technical plant and machinery manufactured by the Group comprises the acquisition cost, expenditure directly related to the acquisition, engineering hours, including indirect production costs and borrowing costs.
Financial leased assets are recognised in the balance sheet at market value at the date of acquisition, and are written off at depreciation rates equivalent to those for the same category of owned assets.
Depreciation is carried out on a straight-line basis, based on current assessment of their useful lives and scrap value. The expected lifetimes are:
|Technical plant and machinery||5-15 years|
|Operating equipment and fixtures and fittings||3-10 years|
On sale or scrapping of assets, any losses or gains are included under other operating income for the year.
Capital investments in subsidiaries and associated enterprises
The parent company’s shares in subsidiaries and associated enterprises are measured at cost less write-downs as a result of permanent decreases in the earning capacity of the enterprises in question.
Investments in associates are measured in the balance sheet of the Group at equity value in accordance with the Group’s accounting principles applied after proportional elimination of intra group profit and losses.
The relative share of the associated enterprises’ profit after tax is recognised in the Group income statement.
Impairment of assets
Goodwill is tested annually for impairment and the book value of other assets is reviewed on indications of impairment. When testing for impairment, the value is written down to the estimated net sales price or the useful value, if greater. Other assets are tested for impairment when there are indications of change in the structural profitability.
Inventories are valued at the lowest value of historical cost calculated as a weighted average or the net realisation value. The cost of finished goods and work in progress include the direct costs of production materials and wages, as well as indirect production costs.
Receivables are measured after deduction for write-downs to meet losses on the basis of an individual assessment.
Dividend is included as a liability at the time of adoption by the Annual General Meeting. Dividend that is expected to be paid for the year is shown separately in the equity.
Acquisition and sales prices as well as dividends on own shares are recognised under retained earnings in the equity.
The reserve for foreign currency translation consists of exchange rate differences that occur when translating the foreign subsidiaries’ financial statements from their functional currency into EUR.
Hedging adjustments comprise changes in the fair value of hedging transactions that qualify for recognition as cash flow hedges and where the hedged transaction has not yet been realised.
Pension payments concerning defined contribution plans are recognised on an ongoing basis in the income statement. Defined benefit plans are stated at the net present value at the balance sheet date and included in the consolidated financial statements. Adjustments of the plans are carried out on a regular basis in accordance with underlying actuarial assessments. Actuarial gains or losses for defined benefit plans are recognised in full in the period in which they occur in other comprehensive income. The actuarial assessment is carried out every year.
For certain defined benefit plans the related assets are placed in pension funds not included in the consolidated financial statements. The payments to the pension funds are based on the usual actuarial assessments and are recognised in the income statement after maturity. Provided that the actuarial assessments of pension obligations show noticeable excess solvency or insolvency in relation to the pension fund’s assets, the difference is entered to the balance sheet and the future payments are adjusted accordingly. With regard to these schemes, the actuarial assessment is also carried out every year.
Share option programme
An equity-based share option programme has been established, which is offered to Management and senior managers. The share option programme is not considered as part of remuneration, as the Board of Directors of ROCKWOOL International A/S will, from time to time, decide whether share options are to be offered.
On issuing of share options, the value of the allotted options is estimated in compliance with the formula of Black & Scholes at the time of allotment and is expensed under staff costs over the expected life of the option. The amount charged is set off against equity.
The effect of void options is adjusted continuously over the income statement and set off against equity, respectively.
Provisions for deferred tax are calculated on all temporary differences between accounting and taxable values, calculated using the balance-sheet liability method. Deferred tax provisions are also made to cover the re-taxation of losses in jointly taxed foreign companies previously included in the Danish joint taxation. Deferred tax assets are recognised when it is probable that the assets will reduce tax payments in coming years and they are assessed at the expected net realisable value.
Deferred tax is stated according to current tax regulations. Changes in deferred tax as a consequence of changes in tax rates are recognised in the income statement.
Liabilities are recognised if they are certain or probable at the balance sheet date, and if the size of the liability can be measured on a reliable basis. The liability is calculated as the amount expected to be paid.
Interest-bearing debt is valued at amortised cost measured on the basis of the effective interest rate at the time of borrowing. The proceeds from the loan are compiled less transaction costs.
Lease commitments concerning finance lease are assessed at the current value of the remaining lease instalments, including any possible guaranteed residual value based on the internal interest rate of each lease agreement.
Cash flow statement
Cash flow statement
The cash flow statement is presented using the indirect method on the basis of EBIT. The cash flow statement shows cash flows for the year, as well as cash and cash equivalents at the beginning and at the end of the financial year. Cash flows from operating activities are calculated as operating profit before financial items adjusted for non-cash operating items and working capital changes. Cash flows from investing activities comprise payments in connection with acquisition and divestment of enterprises and other asset investments. Cash flows from financing activities comprise the raising of loans, instalments on loans, payment of dividends and increases of the share capital.
Cash and cash equivalents include cash and bonds less short-term bank debt.
Group Management has determined the business segments for the purpose of assessing business performance and allocating resources. Primarily segments are based on products and thermal performance, as Systems Segment is primarily defined as non-thermal insulation products.
Segmental data is stated for business areas and geographical areas. The division by business areas is in accordance with the Group’s internal reporting. The segmental data is presented according to the same principle as the consolidated financial statements. The segmental EBIT includes net sales and expenditure including non-recurring expenditure operationally related to the segment. Net interest costs are not allocated to the segments as this type of activity is driven centrally in the Group.
The ratios have been calculated in accordance with “Anbefalinger & Nøgletal 2015” (Recommendations & Ratios 2015) issued by the Danish Society of Financial Analysts. The ratios mentioned in the Five-year summary are calculated as described in the notes.
Go to Definitions of key figures and ratios.